The name “United States”, was coined from the Latin phrase “United States Of America”
The United States of America, commonly known as the United States or America, is a country located in North America.
The name “America” was first recorded in 1507 on a map created at Saint Dié, by German geographer Martin Waldseemüller
The entire Western Hemisphere was referred to as “America” in 1538 by the Flemish geographer Gerardus Mercator.
The first inhabitants of North America migrated from Siberia across the Bering land bridge 12,000 years ago.
It is thought that the Clovis civilization, represents the beginning of human habitation in the Americas.
The Athabaskans, Aleuts, and Eskimos of today were carried to North America in later waves.
Native American groups in North America evolved into increasingly complex communities and refined agriculture over time. One example is the pre-Columbian Mississippian culture in the southeast.
Government And Politics.
With three different branches that share power, the United States’ political system is based on a constitutional federal republic and presidential government.
These are the executive branch, which is led by the president of the United States, who serves as the country’s head of state and government; the bicameral legislative body known as the U.S.
Congress, which constitutes the legislative branch; and the judicial branch, which exercises judicial power and is made up of the Supreme Court and lower federal courts.
The secretary of defense and the Joint Chiefs of Staff are both appointed by the president, who also serves as the military’s commander in chief.
The Army, Marine Corps, Navy, Air Force, and Space Force are the six service branches that make up the Department of Defense, which has its main office in the Pentagon close to Washington, D.C.
In times of peace, the Department of Homeland Security is in charge of the Coast Guard, but in times of war, that responsibility might be shifted to the Department of the Navy.
It is the second largest nuclear power after Russia and possesses more than 40% of all nuclear weapons.
By legislation, there are six standard time zones in the United States that cover all the states, territories, and other US possessions. The majority of the country observes daylight saving time (DST) during roughly the spring, summer, and fall months.
There are six time zones in the United States. Hawaii, Alaska, the Pacific, the Mountains, Central, and Eastern are listed in order from west to east.
Typically, the United States is divided into five distinct regions: the Northeast, Southwest, West, Southeast, and Midwest. The regional climate in the USA varies greatly.
The region could be further divided into three distinct climate types: mountainous alpine climates, desert climates, and coastal Mediterranean climates.
Summers are hot and dry in all three of these regions.
Four main climatic zones exist:
- 0° to 23.5° in the tropical zone (between the tropics)
- tropics from 23.5 to 40 degrees.
- The temperate zone, 40 to 60 degrees.
- 60° to 90° cold zone.
In addition to its 50 states, the USA has 326 Indian reservations, five significant unincorporated territories, nine Minor Outlying Islands, and a federal district.
It is the third-largest country in the globe in terms of total area and land.
The northern and southern land boundaries of the United States are shared with Canada and Mexico, respectively.
Along with other countries, it shares maritime boundaries with the Bahamas, Cuba, and Russia.
It is the most populated nation in the Americas and the third most populous in the world, with a population of over 333 million. The most populous metropolis and financial hub is New York City, while Washington, D.C., serves as the nation’s capital.
Americans who are eligible to vote in the U.S. vote for an individual candidate rather than a party list, just like in the United Kingdom and other parliamentary systems with a similar format.
Since the United States has a federal system of government, representatives are chosen at the federal (national), state, and local levels.
The president is chosen indirectly by the Electoral College, whose members are chosen by popular vote and represent each state.
All members of Congress, as well as state and local authorities, are elected directly.
The majority of electoral law is governed by state law, including the conduct of primaries, voter eligibility, the operation of each state’s electoral college, and the conduct of state and municipal elections.
Economy And Currency.
The United States is a highly developed nation with the greatest GDP in the world at current market exchange rates, accounting for around one-fourth of the world’s GDP.
United States is the second-biggest exporter and the world’s largest importer by value. The United States owns more than 30% of the world’s wealth, the greatest amount of any nation, but makes up just over 4.2% of the world’s population.
The United States is a founding member of the Organization of American States, the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, NATO, the United Nations, and the United Nations Security Council.
Tourism And Tourist Destinations.
The US government has officially recognized at least 2,462 National Historic Landmarks (NHL). There are thousands of landmarks in each large US city.
For instance, the Landmarks Preservation Commission has identified 23,000 landmarks in New York City. These landmarks include a variety of unique buildings, interiors, historic neighborhoods, and picturesque locations that contribute to defining New York City’s culture and character.
Some of the top tourist attractions include Times Square, Central Park, Las Vegas Strip, Union Station, and Mall Of America.
Income And Poverty.
Americans make up 4.24% of the world’s population, yet they also have 30.2% of the world’s wealth collectively, the highest proportion of any nation.
The richest 10% of the adult population in the United States controls 72% of the nation’s household wealth, compared to just 2% for the lowest 50%.
With the top fifth of incomes receiving more than half of all income and the United States having one of the widest income distributions among OECD nations, income inequality in the country is still at record-high levels.
The US healthcare system is classified as a mixed system because it combines publicly paid government programs like Medicare and Medicaid (covered below) with privately financed market programs like private health insurance plans.
In the US, both public and private schools as well as private homeschooling are used to deliver education. State governments establish general educational standards, frequently require standardized testing for K–12 public school systems, and regulate state colleges and universities, typically through a board of regents.
Science Technology And Energy.
Since the late 19th century and the middle of the 20th century, the United States has been a global leader in scientific and technological advancement.
In the late 19th century, the United States was able to manufacture sewing machines, bicycles, and other things on a massive scale because to techniques for creating interchangeable parts and the development of a machine tool industry.
The assembly line, industrial electrification, and other labor-saving innovations in the early 20th century led to the development of the mass production system.
Although there is no official federal language of the United States, American English, which is the most widely spoken language, serves as the country’s de facto official language.
At home, several additional languages are spoken, particularly Spanish, Chinese, and Filipino. The populace speaks or signs 430 different languages.
Numerous publications have described the United States as a Protestant nation.
65% of all adults identify as Christians, with 43% as Protestants, 20% as Catholics, and 2% as Mormons. 26% of the population does not identify formally with any religion.
Culture And Society.
The culture of the United States is largely of Western and European origin.
It has also been influenced by the cultures of African American, Asian American, Latin American, Native American, and Pacific Islander American peoples.
Through a wide variety of forms, American music reflects the nation’s multiethnic people.
It is a fusion of musical styles that have been influenced by music from many different regions.
including Europe, Native Americans, West Africa, Latin America, the Middle East, and North Africa.
The epicenters of American media are often seen as New York City, Manhattan, and to a lesser extent Los Angeles.
Like many other cultures, American cuisine has developed over time.
The food we consume has changed along with technology, availability, and migration of people across the nation.
Meals are frequently a social activity in today’s American culinary culture that is enjoyed with friends and family.
Native Americans and Europeans both had an impact on early American food.
Today, a variety of meals, including hamburgers, hot dogs, potato chips, macaroni and cheese, and meatloaf, are frequently associated with America.
Sports are a significant component of American society, and Americans are extremely proud of their athletic achievements.
The United States dominates popular sports like basketball, baseball, and American football, which is a national pastime.